Hall Genealogy Old Occupation Names
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Updated Thu, 04-Nov-2010
 
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Old Name
New Name or Meaning
Abactor Cattle thief
Abigail Lady's maid
Acater Supplied food, provisions, e.g. Ship's Chandler. French - Achateur (buyer)
Accipitary Falconer
Accomptant Accountant
Accoucheur Assisted women in childbirth (midwife)
Accoutrement Maker / Accoutre Supplier or maker of Military Clothing and Accessories
Ackerman/Acreman Ploughman or Oxherd
Actuary Accountant - public business account keeper
Administrator Court appointee who settled affairs of the estate of the deceased
Advertisement Conveyancer Sandwich Board Man
Advocate Depute Scottish Law Officer - Public Prosecutor
Advowee Usually a Nobleman who had the right to present a clergyman to a benefice
Aeronaut Balloonist or Trapeze Artist in circus or Music Hall
Affeeror / Assessor Also Assessor.  Manorial Court Official - assessed monetary penalties & collected taxes & dues
Agister Official of Royal Forests. In the New Forest, In charge of the ponies
Alabasterer Worked with Alabaster!
Alblastere Crossbowman
Alchemist Medieval Chemist, claiming ability to make gold from base metal
Alderman Senior Councillor immediately below Mayor in local Councils. (Still extant today.)
Ale-Conner / Ale Founder Official who tested quality and measure served in Public Houses. (Pubs)
Ale Draper Seller of Ale
Ale Tunner Filled the Ale casks (tuns) in Breweries
Alewife Woman who kept an Alehouse or Tavern
All Spice A Grocer
Almanac Man Official of the Court of Sewers – warned of abnormally high tides in the Trent River area
Almoner 1) In charge of an Almshouse. 2) Giver of charity to the needy 3) Hospital employee who assists patients with personal matters arising from their stay in hospital
Almsman Receiver of Alms
Alnager / Aulnager Official - examined quality of woolen goods & stamped them with the town seal of approval
Amanuensis Secretary or stenographer
Amber Cutter Cut and polished Ambergris for jewellery
Ambler Officer of the Royal Stables who broke in the horses
Amen Man Parish Clerk
Anchor Smith Made Anchors
Anchoress Female hermit or religious recluse
Anchorite Male hermit or religious recluse
Angle Smith

A blacksmith skilled in forging angle irons, beams, etc., into various forms used in shipbuilding

Anilepman Smallholder - tenant of the Manor
Ankle Beater Young person who helped to drive cattle to market
Annatto Maker Made dyes for paint or printing trades
Annuitant Receiver of an Annuity - An annuity is income paid to a beneficiary at regular intervals, for a fixed period or ascertainable period (usually the lifetime of a nominee) in return for a lump sum payment having been previously made into the scheme by a subscriber - i.e. a spouse, benefactor or employer
Antigropelos Maker Made waterproof leggings
Anvil Smith Maker of anvils and hammers for the smithy trade
Apiarian Beekeeper
Apothecary Prepared and sold medicines and drugs. Pharmacist
Apparitor Official who summoned witnesses to the ecclesiastical courts
Apposer Examiner; officer of the Court of Exchequer
Apprentice Trainee bound to a skilled (Master) worker or Company for a specified time to learn the Trade More Info. More Info.
Aproneer Term used in London for a Shopkeeper
Apronman Engineer or mechanic
Aquarius Ewar Waterman
Aquavita Seller Seller of Alcohol
Arbiter Arbitrated in disputes
Archiator Physician
Archil Maker Made a purple dye from lichens - used in the textile industry
Arkwright Skilled craftsman making "Arks" (wooden chests or coffers)
Armiger Squire who carried a Knight's armour. Entitled to bear heraldic arms
Armourer Made armour for wear or for buildings, ships etc. and now used to include armaments generally
Arrowsmith Forged arrowheads
Artificer A military mechanic who does repairs
Artisan One who is employed in any of the industrial arts; a mechanic, handicraftsman, artificer.
Ashman Dustman - today called a "Cleansing Operative/Engineer" !!
Assayer Determined the proportions of minerals in ore
Assay Master Determined the amount of gold or silver in coins
Assisor Scottish juror
Auger Maker Made carpenters' augers, used for boring holes in wood
Aulnager See Alnager
Aurifaber Goldsmith
Avenator (Plantifene) Hay and forage Merchant
Avowry Lord of the Manor
Axel Tree Maker / Turner Made axles for coaches and wagons
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