Hall Genealogy Old Occupation Names
The Flag of St George & England
Updated Sun, 16-Sep-2018
Old Name
New Name or Meaning
Clay Puddler Made the waterproof clay lining used on canals and dams. Mixing water with clay, they worked it with their feet until it became smooth and waterproof.
Clayman / Cleyman 1) Prepared clay for brick making  2) Rendered buildings with clay to waterproof them
Clericus Clerk - from Latin
Clerk Medieval clergyman or cleric
Clergyman without cure of Souls A clergyman without his own parish (without cure - care - of souls). Getting a Parish with sufficient income when there were more Clergy than Parishes wasn't always possible
Clicker 1) Foreman printer who looked after the typography and layout; 2) Shoe-maker who cut out the leather for making the uppers. 3) The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite in customers   More Info.
Clipper/ on/off Attached coal carts to the line hauling them from the coal face to the lifts
Clod Hopper Ploughman
Clogger 1) Made wooden shoes "clogs" - in England they were usually leather with thick wooden soles More Info 2) In the Cheshire salt mines, inserted ribs in the base of a salt tub which supported the raised perforated base plate, thereby facilitating drainage
Cloth Dresser / Cropper Worked in the woollen industry, cutting the cloth surface after it had left the fulling mill More Info
Cloth Lapper Moved the yarn from the carding machine to the next process in weaving
Cloth Layer In garment manufacturing, laid out cloth in layers on a long table, checking for evenness and for defects.
Cloth Linter or Picker Removed surplus thread and lint from the finished woven cloth
Cloth Looker An inspector of finished woven cloth. Also remedied slight defects and applied 'padding' to remove oil spots
Clothier / Clothesman / Clothman Made or sold clothing
Clouter / Clower 1) Nail maker 2) Shoe maker
Club Collector The "Club Man" called door to door on a weekly basis to collect payments for clothing, burial or Christmas Clubs
Coachstand Waterman Watered horses at a coach or cab stand and looked after them in the absence of the drivers
Coach Trimmer Finished of the building of a coach with painting, upholstery etc.
Coal Backer Carried coal from barges to the coal wagons - on their backs.
Coal Burner Charcoal maker
Coal Dealer / Merchant Dealer and seller of coal - mainly to domestic customers. Still used today
Coal Drawer Moved coal carts in the mine
Coal Heaver Unloaded coalmine carts on the surface
Coalman / Coal Higgler Sold coal to householders, usually by horse & cart
Coalmeter Measured the coal
Coal Runner Attended coal carts in the mines
Coal Whipper Unloaded coal from ships using baskets
Coast Waiter/Surveyor Customs Official attending unloading of ships
Cobbler Shoemaker/repairer - as today
Cobbleman Fisherman using a cobble - flat bottom boat
Cockfeeder Looked after fighting cocks
Cocus Cook - from Latin
Cod Placer Placed fireproof containers, holding pottery being fired, into the kiln
Cohen Priest
Coiner Mint employee making coins
Coke Drawer Drew the finshed coke from the retort in which coal was heated to produce coke.
Collegeman Works on 'colleges' - flat bottomed barges
Collier Coal mine worker or coal barge worker. Term still used today
Colliery Doorkeeper Doorkeepers or "trappers", opened and closed the ventilation doors to let coal pass. Often young boys were employed in this position.
Colonus Farmer or husbandman - from Latin
Colour Man 1) Mixed textile dyes  2) House painter's assistant
Colourator / Colorator Worked with dyes
Colporteur Peddler of religious books
Colt Worker who has not served an apprenticeship. Particularly applied to women and children in the knitting trade during the 1811-1812 Luddite troubles
Comber / Combere Combed wool or cotton
Comb Maker Comb maker for 1) textile industry  2) hair
Commissionaire Uniformed doorman at an hotel, theatre, etc. Member of the Corps of Commissionaires, a 3,500 strong team of professionals including many drawn from the military, police and emergency services - still in use (in 2002)
Commission Agent Salesman who derives his income solely from commission on sales
Compositor Set type for printing - as today, but now giving way to the computer
Computor A person employed in computation of accounts, data etc.
Conder / Conner 1) Gave steering instructions to helmsman  2) Directed inshore fisherman towards fish shoals from ashore  3) Conner - Inspector or tester
Coney Catcher Rabbit catcher
Confinement Nurse An attending woman during the first month after childbirth. Also known as 'Monthly Nurse'. May also have the initials S.M.S. (Subsidiary Medical Services. i.e. not a doctor, but trained in some
way )
Cooper / Cuper Made or repaired vessels made of wooden staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Cop Fitter Fitted "cops" to the looms. A cop is a cone onto which the yarn is wound after spinning, ready for weaving on the loom
Copeman 1) Dealer in stolen goods 2) Dishonest horse dealer
Coppice Dealer Woodsman supplying coppice wood to local craftsmen. More Info.
Coprolite Digger Coprolite is fossilised animal dung and was found in Cambridgeshire, between Soham and Royston, and mined out between 1850 and 1890. Ground down and treated with acid, it made an excellent fertiliser.
Coracle Maker Made small round wicker and fabric inshore boats called Coracles
Core Maker Formed sand moulds and cores for the production of metal castings
Cordwainer / Cordiner / Corviner / Corvisor Shoemaker. Originally, a leather worker using high quality Cordovan leather from Spain for such things as harness, gloves and riding boots. By the 19c it had reduced to a shoemaker - as distinct from a cobbler, who repaired shoes  More Info.   More Info.
Cork Cutter Worked with cork; mainly stoppers for bottles - in England from the 17th to 19th Century.
Corn Chandler Corn Merchant
Corn Factor Middleman in corn dealing
Core Maker Used 'greensand', a mix of clay and wet sand, to form basic moulds for brass casting.
Corn Meter Official who weighed and weighed the corn at market
Cornet The lowest commissioned rank in a cavalry regiment, who carried the colours
Corporation Sworn Weigher Checked and counted sacks of grain on the docks
Corver Made baskets ,known as Corves, used in coal mining
Costermonger / Coster Wife 1)  Peddler of fruits and vegetables  2) Ditto, female
Cotiler / Coteler / Cotyler Cutler - maker or dealer in cutlery
Cottager / Cottar / Cotter / Cottier Agricultural labourer, living in a landowner's farm cottage
Cotton Baller Wound cotton thread into balls on a special balling machine. These were used in 'Ball Warping', the oldest system of warping, not much used today.
Cotton Dresser Operator who assembled the yarns or threads prior to weaving of cloth
Cotton Feeder Was employed feeding the cotton into a carding machine, which roughly straightened the fibres prior to spinning  More Info.
Cotton Piecer Re-connected the yarns which broke on the spinning mule.
Cotton Rover Loaded cotton yarn onto bobbins, giving the yarn a twist, (Roving) after the Carding and Combing processes.
Cotton Singer (Meaning singe-er) Tends a machine that singes the nap or lint from cloth  More Info.
Cotton Yarn Gasser 1) A person who worked in the "gas-room" where raw cotton was de-fumigated 2) A person who applied gas to finished cotton threads to smooth them
Coucher Worker in the paper mills
Countour Collected rates
Couper Buyer and seller, usually of livestock
Couranteer Journalist - from French
Court Factor Dealer in Courts - small carts
Court Roller In charge of the rolls and records of the court
Court Toolmaker Made the tools for making Courts - small carts
Courtier Owner/driver of Courts - small carts
Cow Leech Animal Doctor
Coxwain Helmsman of a ship or boat - still in use
Crate Maker In the S Derbyshire potteries - wove crates from hazel and willow saplings for the transport of pottery More Info.
Crepe Weaver Wove a cloth called Crepea light, thin fabric with a wrinkled surface - in the Victorian era, crepe was worn by ladies in mourning and there was a big demand for it
Crier 1) Town Crier 2) Auctioneer 3) Law court officer
Crimper Member of a Navy press gang
Crocker Potter
Crofter 1) Tenant farmer of a croft - small piece of land - still in use 2) Also connected with bleaching of textiles - see Crofters
Croft Bleacher Worked bleaching cloth prior to dyeing and spreading it out in enclosed fields, or "crofts" See Crofters
Cropper 1) Tenant farmer who was paid with a share of the crop 2) Also known as a shearman, a skilled textile worker who sheared the nap from the cloth
Crossing Sweeper Swept ahead of people crossing dirty urban streets in exchange for a gratuity, creating a path that was referred to as a "broom walk". This was an informal 19th century occupation amongst the urban poor.
The predominance of horse-drawn vehicles—and the general uncleanliness of urban streets entailed certain difficulties in crossing intersections. For example, the long dresses of many elite women might easily be soiled by horse droppings, amongst other forms of refuse.
Crowner Coroner
Cuhreur Courier - French
Cupper Worked in the potteries, making cups
Curer Tobacco Curer
Curretter Broker
Currier 1) Dressed the coat of a horse with a curry comb 2) Tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease
Customer Customs tax collector
Cutterman Operated coal face cutting machinery
Cutler Knife maker/seller/sharpener
Cutlooker/Clothlooker One who inspects the weaver's cut or piece of cloth as it comes from the loom.
Cycle .... Various occcupations in the Bicycle Making Trade - See
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