Hall Genealogy Old Occupation Names
The Flag of St George & England
Updated Fri, 16-Mar-2018
Old Name
New Name or Meaning
Backmaker Made "Backs" - vats, tubs - a Cooper
Backsmann / Backster / Beck / Becker Baker
Back-Boy Kitchen servant - from Back House Boy
Back Tenter Employed at the back of the weaving looms, clearing away debris. Tenting was a term for watching items or a process. Small children were commonly employed in this dangerous job as they were small enough to work underneath the working loom machinery.
Back Washer Cleaned wool in worsted manufacture
Badger 1) Licensed pauper - wore a badge with "P" on it and was restricted to working a defined area (origin of "Badgering") 2) Corn Miller or Dealer 3) Itinerant food trader
Badgy Fiddler Military boy trumpeter
Bag Stitchers In the Cheshire salt industry, Usually women, who closed the tops of filled bags of coarse salt ready for transport.
Bagman Travelling salesman
Bagniokeeper Keeper of a bathhouse or brothel. (From French, baigner, to bathe)
Bailie / Bailie / Baillee / Bailiff Bailiff - Sheriff's Officer, land steward acting for the landowner/landlord. In Scotland, a magistrate of the Burgh - also looked after fishing rights on some rivers
Bairman / Bareman Pauper or beggar
Bal Maiden Female mine worker employed on the surface (Pit Brow Lass)
Balancer Employed in coal mines to operate a system of hauling coal tubs (Balance)
Baler 1) Baled hay 2) In the mills, one who baled wool or cotton goods
Balister Archer. Most commonly, a crossbowman
Ballad Monger Street seller of printed ballad sheets
Ballard Master In charge of ballasting vessels
Ballast Heaver Loaded ballast in ships - commonly stone. Necessary when ships were not carrying cargo
Baller / Baller Up Potter's assistant - measuring out the balls of clay. Also see Cotton Baller
Balloon Blower (India) Made rubber balloons - (rubber was known as India rubber)
Bandsman Worked on the ropes and pulleys (bands) in coal pit hoisting arrangements
Bandsmith Made the bands for barrels
Band Filer Metalworker in gun making
Bandster Bound wheat sheaves after harvesting
Bang Beggar Parish Officer who controlled how long strangers could stay in the Parish
Banker 1) Dug drainage trenches/ditches, banking up the diggings along the edges. 2) General surface worker in coal mining. More Info.
Banksman / Bank Manager / Browman In charge of the cages at mine pitheads - sometimes known as a Bank Manager. More Info.
Bar Collecter Collected the tolls (road, bridge etc.) at a Toll Bar
Barber, Barber/Surgeon Cut hair and also a surgeon. In the 18th Century, an Act was passed, limiting Barbers to hair cutting, shaving, dentistry and bloodletting
Bard Poet or Minstrel
Bareman Beggar or Pauper
Bargee / Bargeman Owned or worked on canal barges
Barilla Manufacturer Made Banilla, obtained from burning saltwort, the resulting sodium salt used in glass & ceramics
Barkeeper Tollkeeper - on toll roads
Barker / Barkman 1) Tanner of leather using tree bark 2) Fairground cryer
Barleyman / Bylawman Manorial Court official who enforced the court orders
Barm Brewer Made yeast
Barmaster Lead Mine arbiter. In charge of the standard measure for the lead ore
Barrel Filer Employed in gun making
Barrow Man Pushed barrows of coal from pit face to the shaft
Bartoner / Barton In charge of a monastery farm or barton
Basil Worker Worked with skins of sheep and goats
Basketman 1) Make wicker baskets & furniture 2) Emptied coal baskets into barges
Bass / Bast Dresser Dressed fibre for matting
Bathing Machine Proprietor Owned and hired out changing huts used by bathers at the seaside
Batman Army officers' servant - still current
Batt Maker Made the wadding (batts) used in quilt and mattress making
Battledore Maker Made the wicker beaters used on clothes & carpets to beat out the dust. Later made the paddles used in early washing machines
Battery Man The term 'Battery' is derived from the latin 'Battere', meaning to beat (Old French - 'Batteria').  A'Brass Battery Mill' is therefore a mill adapted for the manufacture of brass products (hollow-ware) by the beating of brass slabs (naps) using water-driven hammers. More Info
Bauer A Farmer
Baven Maker Made bavens - split and curled wood pieces used for kindling
Baxter Baker
Bayweaver Wove "Bay"(baize) a fine woollen felt like fabric
Bead Piercer Made the holes in bead making
Beadle / Bedel / Bedell Town crier and parish officer who kept order
Beadman / Beadsman / Bedesman 1) Manorial tenant employed for a specific purpose 2) Inhabitant of a Poorhouse, Almshouse or Hospital 3) Employed to pray for his employer
Beamer Drew the warp yarn through and onto the long heavy beam of a loom for weaving textiles
Bearer Carried coal to the pit shaft and placed it in containers for lifting to the surface
Beater / Fuller Cleaned and thickened cloth by treading it in water with Fuller's Earth
Beaterman Managed the Hollander Beater (invented in the 16th century in Holland) in a paper mill. A beater beats and crushes raw material, bruising and driving water inside the fibres
Beatster Made or mended drift nets used in fishing
Beaver Made felt for hat making
Bedman Sexton
Bedral Minor Scottish church official
Bedwevere Made webbing for bed frames and also wove quilts
Beer Seller Sold Beer and Cider in Beerhouses under the 1830 Beerhouse Act.  More Info
Beeskep Maker Made beehives
Beetler Operated the Beetling Machine, used for embossing textiles. The Beetling Machine was also used to give a Shiny effect to cloth as the pressure of the wooden rollers during the squeezing (mangling) of the Cotton Cloth added lustre
Belhoste Tavern keeper
Bell Hanger Hung bells in church towers
Belleyetere / Belter / Billiter Bellfounder - bell maker
Bellman 1) Watchman or town crier 2) Worked for the Post Office, collecting mail by walking the streets ringing a bell Coaches then transported the mail
Bellowfarmer Maintained the church organ (which was bellows operated)
Belly Builder Built and fitted piano bellies or interiors
Belly Roller Operated a machine which rolled and compacted fibres on the belly of cattle hides
Beltman Changed and maintained the drive belts used in factory machinery
Benchman In chairmaking, cut out the seat portion
Bender 1) Leather cutter 2) Bent wooden chair parts
Besom Maker Broom maker, usually of birch twigs
Besswarden Appointed by a parish to look after its animals
Biddy Female servant - usually Irish
Billier / Billyman Operated a Billy Roller, used to prepare cotton for spinning
Bill Poster As today, put up notices, signs and posters
Binder Bound books, hats etc.
Bird Boy Scared away birds from crops
Bird Catcher Caught birds for sale
Birlyman Scottish ground officer or parish arbiter
Black Borderer Made black edged funerary stationery
Black Saddler Maker of cart and carriage saddlery and harness, and generally work with black leather
Black Tray Maker Made black (Japanned) trays
Blacksmith Worked (still does) iron with forge and hammer.
Blackworker Embroidered "blackwork" using black silks on, commonly, white fabric
Blacking Maker Made boot polish (usually using soot)
Bladesmith Made swords, knives etc.
Blaxter / Bleacher /Bleacherer Bleached cloth or wood pulp for paper in a "Bleachery"
Blemmere Plumber
Blentonist Water diviner
Blindsman Dealt with incorrectly addressed mail for the Post Office
Block Cutter / Blocker 1)Made wooden blocks for hat making 2)Laid the blocks for laying of a ship's keel in shipbuilding 3)Cut designs into wooden blocks for printing fabrics 4)Quarryman, whose job was to cut stone into useable blocks
Block Maker 1) Engraved or set up the blocks used in block printing 2)Made pulley blocks 3) Made hatmakers' blocks.
Block Printer Printed paper or fabrics by the use of inked and carved or engraved wooden blocks. (Block Printing)
Bloodman / Bloodletter Used leeches to let blood, thought to be the cure for many ailments. Now being looked at again!
Bloomer / Bloom Smith Produced iron from iron ore
Blower 1) Glass blower; 2) Operated a "blowing machine" to clean and separate textile fibres 3) Operated the blacksmith's bellows
Blowfeeder Fed the fibres into a blowing machine
Blue Dyer/Maker Used/made blue dye for whitening fabrics in manufacture or washing
Blue Slater Split blue roofing slates from rock from the Welsh hills
Bluestocking Female writer. From the Blue Stocking Society, formed in the 1750s and who wore blue stockings
Bluffer Innkeeper or pub landlord
Boarder Term used for a Lodger - usually dined with the family, whilst a Lodger did not
Boarding Officer Port official who inspects ship's papers on port entry - still exists
Boardman 1) Truant officer for checking school attendance 2) Manorial tenant who paid rent by maintaining the manor house table
Boardwright Carpenter. Made tables and chairs
Boatman 1) Worked on river and canal boats 2) Boat repairer
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